William Turner, A New Herbal (1551)
other languages: Greek, Latin, English, Dutch, French
Turner distinguishes between Latin and "the potecaries and herbaries Latin"
sample: Of stynkynge Horehounde.
Stynkynge Horehounde is named in Greke Ballote, in sume greke bookes megapraision, and other melanprasion of the Latines Marrubium magnum or marrubium negrim in Duche stinkyn Andorue, in Frenche marrubium noir, it is called also in Englishe blake horehounde: Ballote hath foursquare stalkes blake & smuthing roughe, many growynge furth of one roote, wyth greater leues then horehounde, roughe and a space goyng betwene sum thing rounde, like vnto apastrum we cal baume, wherfor sum cal it apiastrum that is baume, white floures do compasse the stalke about after the maner of whorles
The vertue of stynkynge Horehounde.
THe leues of this herbe layd to with salt, ar good for the bytyng of a doge. If the leues be layd in asshes whilse thei faide alitle thei stop the swellyng lumpes that ryse in the fundament: with hony also they purge fylthy and foule woundes. (f1v)
1568: The first and seconde partes of the herbal lately ouersene, corrected and enlarged with the third parte, lately gethered (Collen: A. Birckman): STC 24367 (Alston XVII.I.68)
Osselton, N. E. "English Specialized Lexicography in the Late Middle Ages and in the Renaissance." Fachsprachen. Languages for Special Purposes. Eds. L. Hoffman and others. 2 vols. Vol. II. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1998. 2458-65. view record
Rydén, Mats. "William Turner and the English Plant Names." Studies in Early Modern English. Ed. Dieter Kastovsky. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1994. 349-70. view record
Jones, Whitney R. D. William Turner: Tudor Naturalist, Physician and Divine. London: Routledge, 1988. view record
Rydén, Mats. "William Turner the Botanist in a European Context." Cultural Exchange between European Nations during the Renaissance. Eds. Gunnar Sorelius and Michael Srigley. Proceedings of the Symposium arranged in Uppsala by the Forum for Renaissance Studies of the English Department of Uppsala University, 5-7 June 1993. Uppsala: Almqvist and Wiksell, 1994. 173-83. view record