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Lexicons of Early Modern English


Editor (1996-): Ian Lancashire 

Assistant Editor (2018-21): Isabelle Zhu

Library Liaison (2006-): Sian Meikle

Database Programmers

First Version (ColdFusion): Marc Plamondon (2006-10)

Second Version (PHP): Rachel Di Cresce (leader), Dickson Law, Jana Rajakumar, and Monica Ung (2018)

LEME.xml and TEI.xml Programmer: Tim Alberdingk Thijm (2018)

XTeXT Programmer (2006): Robert Good, Isagn inc.

LEME-OED, Corpus Database (1919-2021): Sky Li (2019-21)

MITACS Programmer-intern (2022): Rohit Ramash (2022), Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India

MITACS Programmer-intern (2023): Zihui Wang (Frida), Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China.

Graphic Design (2006-): Gordon Belray 


Grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and from McMaster University's TAPoR Project (Text Analysis Portal for Research) have generously supported the development of LEME. TAPoR (Toronto) was funded by a research infrastructure grant of the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and the Ontario Innovation Trust (OIT). TAPoR (Toronto) partners included IBM Canada Inc. and Isagn Inc. LEME Advisory Board

Robin C. Alston (1933-2011)†

Richard W. Bailey (1939-2011)† 

Gabriele Stein (Right Honourable Lady Quirk (1942-March 6, 2020)†  

Anne Curzan

Chad Gaffield

Peter Gilliver

Antonette diPaolo Healey

Roderick W. McConchie

Anne McDermott

Terttu Nevalainen

Noel E. Osselton

Carol Percy

Paul Schaffner

David E. Vancil

Paul Werstine LEME Research Assistants

Freya Abbes, UTEA award

Sarah Abernathy

Chrys Bands

Ana Berdinskikh

John Blankenship

Maya Blumenthal

Dr. Geoffrey Booth

Prof. Jason Boyd

Alexandra Brennan

Cheryl Cabellero

Candace Chapple

Janet Damianopoulos

Julia DaSilva

Maria Dumity

Dr. Paramita Dutta

Xueqi (Sherry) Fan

Dr. Lydia Fens

Geneva Fong

Brianna Goldberg

Sarah Greene

Anna Guy

Diana Gil Hamel

Allison Hay 

Jennifer Jones

Fatemeh Khavaninzadeh 

Sharine Leung 

Victoria Liao 

Kristie Lui 

Pen Long 

Mary Lisa Marando 

Gabriela Mircea 

Taylor Najjar 

Rosemary Newman 

Cassandra Olsen 

Clare Orchard 

Dr. Katharine Patterson 

Siri Paulson 

Pablo Pemeja 

Julie Penner 

Alexandra Pimenidis 

Mandy Pipher 

Nancy Prior 

Susan Quirk 

Michael Raby 

Eliza Radovici 

Gail Richardson 

Prof. Jennifer Roberts-Smith (Hall) 

Shannon Robinson 

Eric Schmell 

Dr. Jean F. Shaw

Antara Singh 

Peggy Skhuda

Victoria Spada 

Leah Stephens 

Rachael Tu 

Tim Alberdingk Thijm

Shirley Wang

Prof. Jonathan Warren  

Catriona Wright 

Ruth Peidi Zhao 

Isabelle Zhu 

Kristen Zimmer 

Special thanks to 

Prof. Greig Henderson

Alex Cheng

Stephen Hong

Paul Whittam

Cristina Henrique

David Lancashire

Sean Martin

Prof. Brian Merrilees (1938-2013)†

Prof. Geoffrey Rockwell

Prof. Jennifer Roberts-Smith

Dr. Rebecca Shapiro

Dr. Elisa Tersigni

Prof. Russon Wooldridge

Work-Study Program, Toronto

MITACS Donars of Texts

Rebecca Brackmann 


Internet Archive

Perseus Project 

Prof. Raymond Siemens 

Jeffery Triggs and the North American Reading Program for the Oxford English Dictionary Commercial Text Entry

Apex Covantage (for Samuel Johnson 1755 and Joseph Nicoll Scott 1755)

Chicago Input Center (for Peter Levens)

Computer Input Corporation (for John Florio 1598 and John Cowell) format for LEME citations

Lexicons of Early Modern English. Ed. Ian Lancashire. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Library and University of Toronto Press, 2006-. Date consulted: [date month year]. URL: 


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We welcome your comments and questions

Recommended format for LEME citations

Lexicons of Early Modern English. Ed. Ian Lancashire. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Library and University of Toronto Press, 2024. Date consulted: 23 May 2024. URL:

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